and naturism in Europe
Sea Locations and Beaches where practise Naturism
Men and Women
Nudism, or Naturism, is a non-sexual, family orientated pastime
of many people around the world. These people share a common
interest where they are not ashamed of their bodies, no matter
what they look like and are not afraid to go nude in public
in designated nudist areas, or in the privacy of their own home.
While the U.S. was banning pictures of naked bathers, the
first nudists were stripping themselves of the Victorian era
prudery and bathing naked in Freilichtpark (free light park)
in Lubeck, Germany (1903 - 1981). Nacktkultur, the German
nudism, stressed naked healthful living, which included daily
calisthenics, a vegetarian diet, and Spartan outdoor living.
German immigrants and Americans visiting Freilichtpark brought
this philosophy to the U.S. by 1929.
After some arrests and a favorable ruling in New York court,
allowing that men and women can socialize together nude without
being lewd, the concept of nudism got national exposure.
In 1933, the International Nudist Conference was formed, which
would later become the American Sunbathing Association, and
by the mid 1930s there were eighty-one nudist camps across
America. Most nudist camps, to some degree, still followed
the philosophy of nudism as part of a healthy regimen, and
organized nudism was
selective of who could be members of the "landed clubs."
THE GENERATION GAP
Organized Nudism, the ASA, and landed clubs became the establishment.
The rebellious youth of the 1960s weren't about to go behind
the walls of a nudist cloister. A new free light and free
love culture, based on an honest body acceptance, asked why
we didn't do it in the road. Acceptance of the nude body was
only natural, and young people across Europe and America experienced
the freedom of being nude at the beach, in the stream or wilderness,
or on their back porch or sundeck. Often called "The
Free Beach Movement," in the seventies, it was a philosophy
of open nudism
that would be called naturism.
Because they escaped our history of overbearing religious
prudery, mainland Europeans have enjoyed more personal freedoms
than Americans. For years most European tourist beaches have
allowed topfree bathing for women. Nude beaches are now common
and popular throughout the continent, including Eastern Europe.
Modern nudism began in Germany and France. France now has
a nudist resort city, Cap d'Agde, on the Mediterranean. Since
the early seventies, Denmark and the Netherlands have become
quite accepting of nudity in general, and there have been
nudist activities on city streets and parks of both countries.
All but two of Denmark's
beaches are clothing optional.
In 1980, the Naturist Society was formed in the U.S. to provide
information and support for the free beach and other naturist
groups around the country. The Naturist Action Committee monitors
and assists in the ongoing nationwide struggle to keep clothing
optional beaches and recreational areas from being closed
narrow-minded fanatics who still echo Comstock's 19th century
National opinion polls in 1983 and 1990 revealed that 72%
of Americans approve of designated clothing optional beaches.
To date, over 30 million Americans have experienced mixed
social nudity. With the growing number of naturists here,
and tourists from Europe, South Florida now has an established
clothing optional beach at Haulover.